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From fantasy to science”(by Friedrich Engels, Preface:Marx/1999/Shinnihon shuppansha

The first thing that appears before us is an endless intertwining of associations and interactions. All things are not static. All of them move, change, come into being, and disappear.
What we usually see is the overall image, and individual phenomena exist in the background.
Rather than focusing on individual objects, we first focus on the movement in motion (this is what Eisenstein quoted in his book).
Metaphysical thinking forgets the existence of this association.
However, nature has always been dialectical, not metaphysical, and in recent years, natural science, which has been advancing day by day, has proven this. This is further evidenced by materialism. We no longer need a philosophy based on other viewpoints.

The basis of this society originates from the exchange of products.
However, products now belong not to individual producers (workers) but to capitalists.
Capitalism destroyed handicraft.
Society has come to be dominated by capitalists.
Individual producers have no choice but to follow the capitalists in order to survive.
Capitalism is characterized by an excess of products (commodities) and wealth.
Capitalism is essentially based on the exploitation of workers.
“Competition,” another fundamental principle of capitalism, produces goods without a plan.
In the past, the ruling class needed the state to maintain a system that exploited its citizens.
The modern state is a capitalist maintenance institution, an idealist (fantasy conceptualist), and exploits its people.
As long as we are not aware of these things, we will continue to be controlled.

However, many social contradictions include the possibility of ''clash''.

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# by kiyubaru2020 | 2024-02-06 20:51 | marx engels eisen

Eisenstein's family environment

Eisenstein Complete Works 1: Memoir for Autobiography”(by Sergei Eisenstein/1973/Kinema Junposha)

As a child, Eisenstein did not do things that many children do, such as breaking things or tormenting insects.
Instead, his desire for cruelty blossomed during his time as a film director, and he painted many cruel scenes. He depicted violence, murder, and bloodshed in his films.
he says. Art functions as a kind of violence, but when it confronts the evils of society, it becomes a weapon for citizens and spreads ideas.(These words impressed Harada during his high school days, when he struggled with a desire to express violence.)

Although Eisenstein was good at drawing as a child, it did not align with his school education in art, and his grades in art were poor.

When Eisenstein was a child, his parents divorced.
His mother left home with her luggage.
From childhood he was deprived of the sensibility of worshiping the family.
But he wasn't lonely. Because he no longer has to listen to his parents' late night fights.
His parents' late-night taunts were intense.
He says that the reason for the divorce was his mother's excessive sexual desire and his father's lack of sexual desire.
His father used to call his wife a ''slut!''

Eisenstein's father kept many secrets from his child.
So Eisenstein rebelled against his father and, while working as a university teacher, openly revealed all his skills to his students.

Eisenstein learned a lot from Nina Agadzhanova, Potemkin screenwriter and revolutionary activist. She was a kind-hearted person who soothed Eisenstein's heart.

Eisenstein turned first to dynamic film montages, and later to one-frame montages.
Eisenstein says.
''Engels also said this.
''The first thing that captures our attention is exercise, and the second thing that captures our attention is objects.'' ”

Eisenstein\'s family environment_f0401719_22282251.jpg
The stage plays directed by Eisenstein are similar to Shuji Terayama's experimental plays.

# by kiyubaru2020 | 2024-02-05 23:16 | marx engels eisen

A gong by Harada.

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# by kiyubaru2020 | 2024-02-04 22:20 | 政治 society, politics

Marx's struggle

"Keizaigaku-hihan eno jogen・josetsu(Foreword and Introduction to “A Critique of Political Economy”)”(by Karl Marx/2001/Shinnihon Shuppansha)

A book that publishes Marx's draft with numerous annotations.
It describes how Marx constructed Das Kapital.

Everything in this world is not a product of consciousness or nations, but rather a combination of scientific relationships rooted in matter.
Although Marx's specialty was law, he voraciously studied all categories of this world (especially economics) in libraries.
He believes that society's problems can only be solved by being aware of the changes and collisions of matter that can be confirmed from the perspectives of economics and natural science. (Eisenstein also reiterated the need for "conflict").

Marx analyzes the economic system from the perspectives of science, materialism, and dialectic.
And he discovers that production, distribution, exchange, and consumption are not separate entities, but are a totality of organically interacting relationships.
Marx was wary of the state, the bourgeoisie, and philosophers constantly replacing surface and abstract concepts with generalizations.
For example, corporations are endowed with privileges and monopolies by bourgeois society.
Wealth is always created for the nation.
In capitalist society, the means of production and producers are separated, and the basis of their development is expropriation.

Although Marx was born into a wealthy family, he witnessed the suffering of peasants.
And he learned the reality of the suffering of workers in Manchester and elsewhere.
Unable to turn a blind eye, Marx spent his life researching, acting, and speaking in order to save many people who were suffering.

However, in his later years, Marx suffered from ulcers, liver disease, and neurosis due to all-nighters and long hours of study.
While writing the second half of his Das Kapital, he was unable to sit down due to pain.
Marx fell into a situation of extreme poverty, and he had no money to pay for the funeral of his dead child.

Marx's letters are included at the end of the book.
“Dear Fritz (=Engels).
My current illness may take my life.
I have become surprisingly thin and my body is becoming weaker.
The doctor says it's because he stayed up all night too much. But it's pointless to explain to a doctor the problems in society that keep me up all night.
Now I can't even sit on a chair, so I work lying down."

Now and in the past, many anti-Marxist economists, media, rulers, powerful people, wealthy people, etc. continue to attack Marx.
They pedantically distort Marx's statements and send this signal to the people. "It is embarrassing to affirm Marx. The mark of a superior person is to make fun of Marx supporters.''
The wealthy and rulers use the word "capitalism'' conveniently, but they probably don't know that it was Marx, whom they despise, who coined the word "capitalism.''

Marx's research was not done for personal gain. They were done to help people who are suffering in the world.
How many other people have dedicated their lives to that extent for others?

We need to observe and determine whether those who ridicule Marx are truly supporting the weak.

If you read Marx's works, you won't be able to easily ridicule him or his supporters.

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# by kiyubaru2020 | 2024-02-01 19:24 | marx engels eisen

Movies about communists

"Marx Engels"
Created faithfully to various Marx and Engels texts. Marx was always angry. He directly challenged and criticized those in power and authority. That part is well drawn.

”Jitsuroku Kyosanto(True story: Communist Party)"
Kinji Fukasaku, Kazuo Kasahara, and Toei, who made ''Jinginaki Tatakai (The Yakuza Papers: Battles Without Honor and Humanity)'', were planning a film about the true story of the Japanese Communist Party, starring Sayuri Yoshinaga. Although the film never materialized, the screenplay has been published.
Kinji Fukasaku was always angry at Japan's lack of independence, which had suddenly changed from wartime militarism to postwar democracy. His films were filled with the anger of the underdog and used a lot of demo footage.
Later, Fukasaku, Yoshinaga, and Toei produced ”Hana no ran (A Chaos of Flowers)", which depicted the old Japanese revolutionary movement and the massacre of socialists and Koreans by the Japanese government.

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"More than 3,000 socialists and Koreans were massacred"(credit: Toei)

”Kobayashi Takiji"
Takiji Kobayashi was a member of the Japanese Communist Party, but he was tortured and killed by the special high school police. The film was directed by Tadashi Imai, also a member of the Japanese Communist Party. Tadashi Imai made full use of various experimental methods.

"Hyakunen to Kibo(hundred years and hope)"
The newest movie depicting the Japanese Communist Party. You can learn about the current state of the Japanese Communist Party.

# by kiyubaru2020 | 2024-02-01 15:11 | marx engels eisen